Oct. 11-26, 2012
A tropical wave leaves the west coast of Africa and inside every week reaches the Caribbean Sea, the place it develops right into a hurricane by Oct. 24. It makes landfall in Jamaica, then Cuba, earlier than passing by means of the Bahamas, the place it will increase enormously in measurement.
Hurricane Sandy makes landfall close to Atlantic Metropolis, N.J., within the night. The dimensions of the storm, which arrives close to high tide, ends in intensive and extreme flooding in New Jersey and New York.
Because it strikes ashore, the hurricane turns into one of many deadliest storms in U.S. historical past, ensuing immediately within the deaths of 72 people. In New York, there have been 48 deaths, probably the most for any state, adopted by New Jersey with 12. 5 individuals in Connecticut died.
Breezy Level, a seaside enclave in Queens, is ravaged. Flooded streets impede firefighters, and a blaze fueled by the storm’s winds burns down 126 homes. It is among the worst residential fires within the metropolis’s historical past.
Bellevue Hospital Heart, New York’s flagship public hospital, evacuates more than 700 patients and shuts down after its backup energy turbines fail. NYU Langone Medical Heart additionally evacuates more than 200 patients after its backup energy system fails.
Following a public outcry, the New York Metropolis Marathon is canceled for the primary time because it started in 1970. Critics opposed holding the race on Nov. 4 whereas many New Yorkers had been nonetheless with out energy and affected by storm injury. Almost 50,000 runners anticipated to compete.
Town begins rationing gasoline for the primary time because the Seventies. Elements of Lengthy Island and New Jersey additionally began rationing gasoline after the storm brought about widespread provide issues and knocked out energy to gasoline stations.
President Barack Obama issues an executive order creating the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Process Pressure to coordinate rebuilding efforts. It is going to be led by the housing secretary, Shaun Donovan, a former metropolis housing commissioner.
Metropolis officers convene the Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency to have a look at make town’s communities, buildings and infrastructure extra resilient to local weather change.
Jan. 28, 2013
Congress approves nearly $51 billion in emergency aid after months of pleas by the governor of New York and leaders of different storm-damaged states. The cash will assist thousands and thousands rebuild their properties and companies and pay for the restore of highways and transit programs.
NYC Highway Map
Town releases “A Stronger, More Resilient New York,” a 438-page report that analyzes town’s local weather dangers and gives a street map to guard its neighborhoods and infrastructure with greater than 250 particular suggestions.
The BIG U
A federal competitors for resiliency tasks, Rebuild by Design, awards $920 million to 6 successful concepts. The most important quantity, $335 million, goes to the BIG U, which might construct a system of flood limitations across the southern finish of Manhattan. (Standing: In progress.)
New York Metropolis is awarded a $3 billion FEMA grant to restore and stormproof 33 public housing complexes, the place the hurricane’s storm surge flooded buildings and left some residents with out energy and warmth for weeks. (Standing: In progress.)
Almost three years after the storm, solely a small fraction of homes destroyed by Hurricane Sandy have been rebuilt, partially due to delays, confusion and issues with authorities help applications, together with town’s Build It Back initiative.
A 15-month shutdown of the L train between Manhattan and Brooklyn was averted after Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo swooped in with a last-minute plan to make repairs to a Sandy-ravaged tunnel on nights and weekends. (Standing: Completed.)
A Huge Sea Wall?
The U.S. Military Corps of Engineers releases list of options for shielding the metropolitan space from future storms. One is a six-mile-long set of gates stretching from Breezy Level in Queens to Sandy Hook in New Jersey, estimated to value $119 billion. (Standing: Canceled.)
Completely different Mayor, Completely different Plan
Mayor Invoice de Blasio lays out his “new plan” to climate-proof Decrease Manhattan: prolong the shoreline two blocks into the East River at a price of $10 billion. (Standing: Revised.)
A Taller Extension of Manhattan
Two days earlier than Mr. de Blasio leaves workplace, town’s Financial Growth Company points a $7 billion plan to guard Decrease Manhattan that will create a multilevel, public waterfront as excessive as 18 toes and increasing 200 toes into the East River. (Standing: In progress.)
Make That 12 Gates
The Military Corps of Engineers unveils a brand new, $52 billion proposal for shielding the area from future storms: As an alternative of 1 lengthy wall exterior the harbor, the plan is to construct 12 movable sea limitations throughout bays and inlets of New York Harbor.